aztec gods

He was often depicted wearing a suit of flayed skin, and his associated ceremonies emphasized his choice of attire. Codex Magliabechiano/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Mixcoatl was the Aztec god of the hunt and the patron god of the Tlaxcalan people. She is most often illustrated wearing a green/blue skirt from which flows a stream of water. The goddess Coatlicue, or Snakes-Her-Skirt, was the mother of the Mexica patron and god of war Huitzilopochtli. This is a list of deities from the Aztec culture, its religion and mythology. Quetzalcoatl (pronounced Keh-tzal-coh-atl), “the Feathered Serpent”, is probably the most famous Aztec deity and is known in many other Mesoamerican cultures such as Teotihuacan and the Maya. Tonatiuh was also the patron of warriors. Her Aztec cult of worship was adopted from the ancient Mayan cult that worshipped the lunar deity known as Goddess I. Codex Telleriano-Remensis/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. His name means “Hummingbird of the Left” and he was the patron of war and sacrifice. Quetzalcoatl is also linked to the idea that the last Aztec emperor, Moctezuma, believed that the arrival of the Spanish conquistador Cortes was the fulfilling of a prophecy about the return of the god. Associated with fertility and agriculture, his origins can be traced back to Teotihuacan, the Olmec and the Maya civilizations. He appeared early on in Aztec creation myths, reflecting their view of death as an integral part of life. His shrine was decorated with blue bands representing rain and water. The Aztec Religion and Gods of the Ancient Mexica, Tlaloc the Aztec God of Rain and Fertility, Tezcatlipoca: Aztec God of Night and Smoking Mirrors, Xipe Totec: Grisly Aztec God of Fertility and Agriculture, The Founding of Tenochtitlan and the Origin of the Aztecs, Aztec Sacrifice - The Meaning and Practice of Mexica Ritual Killings, Quetzalcoatl - Pan-Mesoamerican Feathered Serpent God, Tonatiuh, the Aztec God of the Sun, Fertility and Sacrifice, Chalchiuhtlicue - Aztec Goddess of Lakes, Streams, and Oceans, Profile of Huehueteotl-Xiuhtecuhtli, Aztec God of Fire, History of Animal and Plant Domestication, Chalchiuhtlicue. Closely associated with jaguars, smoke, and obsidian mirrors, Tezcatlipoca outwitted Quetzalcoatl and became the ruler of the modern era. Mayahuel is also known as "the woman of the 400 breasts" to feed her children, the Centzon Totochtin or “400 rabbits”. This is a list of deities from the Aztec culture, its religion and mythology. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee) was the patron god of the Aztecs. While Huitzilopochtli was responsible for leading the Aztecs to Tenochitlan, his fall would ultimately serve as a harbinger of doom for the empire and its people. Her name means “she of the Jade Skirt”. Tlaltechutli represents the surface of the earth, who angrily devours the sun every evening to give it back the next day. In the Aztec creation story, Ometecuhtli was self-birthed, and as such the androgynous being’s dual genders acted as husband and wife to give birth to the other four major Aztec gods – Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, Tezcatlipoca, and Xipe Totec, who in … Rios Codex/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Following their deaths, deceased souls would embark on a four year journey to his realm of Mictlan. Tezcatlipoca was the patron of the night, of the north, and in many aspects represented the opposite of his brother, Quetzalcoatl. Xipe Totec (pronounced Shee-peh Toh-tek) is “Our Lord with the flayed skin.” Xipe Totec was the god of agricultural fertility, the east and the goldsmiths. (They have both Venus as association as symbol of twins), "List of Aztec gods and supernatural beings", Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The 10 Most Important Aztec Gods and Goddesses",, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 04:36. Tezcatlipoca (pronounced Tez-cah-tlee-poh-ka)'s name means “Smoking Mirror” and he is often represented as an evil power, associated with death and cold. The Aztecs, the Late Postclassic civilization that the Spanish conquistadors met in Mexico in the 16h century, believed in a complex and diversified pantheon of gods and goddesses. Quetzalcoatl was the Aztec version of the Feathered Serpent god that permeated Mesoamerican mythologies.

His shrine, on top of the pyramid of the Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan, was decorated with skulls and painted red to represent blood. Tlaloc's main shrine was the second shrine after Huitzilopochtli's, located on top of the Templo Mayor, the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan. Though far removed from human concerns, Ometeotl was notable for creating the gods who governed human affairs. He was closely related to Tlaloc and is usually represented as a young man with a maize cob sprouting from his headdress. The Aztec water goddess Chalchiuhtlicue governed oceans, rivers and lakes. Even after the Spanish Inquisition outlawed the practice of Aztec religion, the centuries old veneration of Tlaloc kept him in the hearts and minds of his people. As an ever-growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world’s mythology on the web for all to enjoy. According to legend, when the Mexica arrived in the Anahuac valley around Lake Texcoco, they were considered by the other groups as the least civilized of all, but the Mexica/Aztec decided to learn, and they took all they could from other people, especially from the ancient Toltec (whom they seem to have partially confused with the more ancient civilization of Teotihuacan). Mictlantecuhtli also played an intergral role in Hueymiccaylhuitl, the Aztec festival of the dead. Each group supervises one aspect of the universe: the heaven or the sky; the rain, fertility and agriculture; and, finally, war and sacrifice. Codex Borgia/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Tlaltechutli (Tlal-teh-koo-tlee) is the monstrous earth goddess. Mayahuel (pronounced My-ya-whale) is the Aztec goddess of the maguey plant, the sweet sap of which (aguamiel) was considered her blood. He was a nourishing god who provided warmth and fertility to the people. While Xipe Totec lacked a dense mythology, he nevertheless played an important role in Aztec life. His name means “Maize cob Lord”.

Beyond her powers of sexuality, Xochiquetzal was also revered as the patron saint of young mothers, pregnancy, weaving and embroidery. The Aztecs believed that the universe was created from nothing by the binary god Ometeotl. The following are the most important of the 200 deities of the Aztec religion. Many of these deities are sourced from the Florentine Codex and another Codex and informants. Her name means "The one who give and devours life" and she required many human sacrifices to sustain her. Aztec legends identify the Toltecs an… The famed Aztec god of war, Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of the Mexica people and a key figure in the creation of the Aztec cosmogony. His image has black stripes on his face and he carries an obsidian mirror. Learn more. She was the wife and/or sister of Tlaloc and was also the patroness of childbirth. Many of these deities are sourced from the Florentine Codex and another Codex and informants. The Aztec believed that the cries and tears of newborn children were sacred to the god, and, therefore, many ceremonies for Tlaloc involved the sacrifice of children. He ruled over the element of water. His gifts of life and maize were as famous as his clashes with his brother, Tezcatlipoca. Centeotl (pronounced Cen-teh-otl) was the god of maize, and as such he was based on a pan-Mesoamerican god shared by Olmec and Maya religions. A god of many origins, Mixcoatl was responsible for introducing mankind to fire by giving them the gift of the bow drill. Mictlantecuhtli Tezcatlipoca was an omnipresent Aztec deity who, together with Quetzalcoatl, created the world and everything in it. While Huitzilopochtli was responsible for leading the Aztecs to Tenochitlan, his fall would ultimately serve as a harbinger of doom for the empire and its people. He is usually portrayed wearing a flayed human skin representing the death of the old and the growth of the new vegetation. Often, the origins of the Aztec gods can be traced back to those from earlier Mesoamerican religions or shared by other societies of the day. Her waters were said to have healing properties, and she served as the patron goddess of both newborns and the sick. katepanomegas/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. The Aztec god of rain, Tlaloc ensured that rains vital to the harvest arrived on time. The Aztec god of rain and fertility, Tlaloc was a well-loved deity in ancient Mexico. The famed Aztec god of war, Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of the Mexica people and a key figure in the creation of the Aztec cosmogony. And while he could be a forgiving, nourishing god, he could also be vengeful and use hail and thunderstorms when angered.

However, there's more to Aztec religion than just blood, though many of their rituals were bloody. The sacrifices performed by Mexica priests at the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon are legendary. Privacy Policy. She also served as the sun of the fourth age, although a jealous Tezcatlipoca taunted her and caused her to cry herself from the sky. The fifth Aztec sun god, Tonatiuh was created through the sacrifice of several Aztec gods. However, many scholars now consider this myth as a creation of the Franciscan friars during the post-Conquest period.


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